Fishing and berry gathering have always been part of the culture in the region that we nowadays call Finland. It was important for hunter-gatherers in the old days, and it is still important for people living in Finland nowadays. Even in bad years, the harvest of berries is more than 100 million kilograms and in good years is much more. The fact that berry picking is protected legally under “everyman’s right” ensures that every household is able to enjoy this superfood. Also, fishing is still part of the culture and lifestyle for many families in Lapland who catch their own fish from some of the numerous lakes and rivers we have here. In this blog, I’ll introduce some of the most important natural products that are used in Hotel Korpikartano’s restaurant.
Do you recognize these berries?
Cloudberry (hilla or lakka in Finnish, luámmán in Inari Sámi)
Cloudberry is a bog plant. You can find cloudberries from every bog in Inari but only some of them produce a good harvest. Near Hotel Korpikartano, cloudberry can be found from several small bogs by one of our nature trails.Whether or not cloudberry plants produce fruit depends strongly on early summer’s (early-mid June) weather conditions and the number of pollinating insects. In good conditions, the harvest can be substantial and the gold-yellow berries will be ripe by the end of July, and quite often already by the middle of July. The cloudberry season continues until mid-August, or sometimes even until late August.
The cloudberry is one of the prides of Lapland where we still have many unspoilt bogs capable of producing them. It is a highly valued berry and because of its high price and goldish colour it is sometimes called the “gold of Lapland,” and while its colour is close to orange it has even more vitamin-C than in oranges! Inside the berry you will find fairly large seeds which are good for your digestive system. Menus in Hotel Korpikartano include some desserts made of cloudberry such as cloudberry pie, cloudberries with vanilla and cloudberry velvet.
The orange-gold cloudberry starts the season of berry picking in Lapland
Blueberry (syn. Bilberry, mustikka in Finnish, sare in Sámi)
Bilberry or eurasian blueberry is one of the most common forest plants in Finland and can be found from many kinds of fresh forest habitats. The mixed forest next to Hotel Korpikartano is a good habitat for blueberry and one can easily find the wild plant beside the nature trail. In early summer (early June), blueberry gets new green leaves and starts to flower. If the pollination is successful and the weather good enough, berries will be ready by mid or late July, or at latest in early August. The season continues until the first frost comes, usually after mid-September. When its leaves will turn reddish and give beautiful autumn colours before they drop off. In winter, you can find blueberry’s green leafless stems under the thick snow cover, which gives protection to the stems against low temperatures.
Blueberries have always been used fresh as well as in pastries and cakes, jams, soups and juices, but traditionally also as a medicine against symptoms of diarrhoea. Not only are blueberries are good for your stomach, according to many studies they are also good for your eyes and may help for example with symptoms of intraocular pressure disease. Its leaves have been used as a tea which helps with symptoms of diabetes and it has been known for a long time that berries include a lot of vitamin-C, antioxidants and fibre; they are proven to be a real super food. Menus in Hotel Korpikartano include some desserts made with blueberry such as blueberry pie and blueberry pannacotta.
Blueberry is one of the most popular berries in Finland
Lingonberry (syn. Cowberry, puolukka in Finnish, juuná in Sámi)
Lingonberry is a very common forest plant growing on dry and open forest habitats. One can easily find it in the surrounding forests of Hotel Korpikartano. It is an evergreen plant which makes red berries that are ready to eat by the autumn, often by late August and early September. Berries can be found and eaten also after frost and even into winter when the taste is sweeter and not so acidic. Lingonberry makes one of the biggest harvests of all our wild berries. Even 100 million kilograms can be harvested yearly in Finland.
Lingonberry has always been one of the most important berries in Finland together with blueberry because of a good harvest and great nutritional value. Because lingonberry is acidic, it is easy to conserve throughout the year so jams and juices are traditional products. In the old days it has been mixed with flours to make bred. Nowadays crushed lingonberry is popularly used with meat dishes and particularly suits reindeer and game meat such as moose. The nutritional value of one kilogram of lingonberry equates to three kilos of tomatoes. Lingonberry’s seed oils are also very good for our skin. Menus in Hotel Korpikartano include some desserts made of lingonberry such as lingonberry cake and lingonberry pannacotta.
Lingonberry prefers dry and open places where it produces the best harvest
Pike (hauki in Finnish, puško in sámi)
Pike is a common freshwater fish which lives in almost every lake in Finland. It is missing from only the most arctic waters in Northern Lapland and in Lake Menesjärvi we have a very good stock of pike. Pike is a big predatory fish and is able to reach a weight of over ten kilos although the biggest individual caught from Finland was almost 20 kilos.
Pike has always been an important source of food for Finnish people. There is not much fat in the meat of pike unlike in many salmonids and it tastes quite different than salmon for example. In Lapland’s clean and clear lakes and rivers the quality and the taste of pike meat is especially good. Pike is not farmed and is a local food so it is very ecological to eat. From Hotel Korpikartano’s menu, you might find pesto pike, pike fish loaf and pike fish cakes.
Whitefish (siika in Finnish, kyeli in Sami)
Whitefish is a freshwater fish that belongs to the salmonid family. It is a common catch in most of Lapland’s lakes. In the Inari region, it is the most important food fish for local people. In the Inari Sami language, there is not even a separate word for whitefish; their name for it simply means “fish” as it has long been the most important fish for them. If the lake was said to be fishless, it meant only that there may have been other fish but there were no whitefish in the lake. The taste of whitefish is quite mild and its meat is less greasy than the meat of a salmon. Whitefish stocks are in good condition and it is a local, healthy and very ecological product. From Hotel Korpikartano menu you may find for example fried white fish.
Whitefish has always been one of the most important fish for local people in Inari.
Salmon (lohi in Finnish, luosá in Sami)
Salmon is a migratory fish that migrates from the sea up to freshwater rivers to reproduce. In the Inari-Utsjoki area we have two big river systems with salmon. One of them, River Teno, is the biggest salmon river in Europe. River Inarijoki, one of the tributaries of River Teno, is situated in the northwest part of Lemmenjoki National park. In Utsjoki on Finland’s northern border, salmon is the most important fish for local people. These wild salmon are mainly used just by local people and restaurants usually use salmon farmed in the Ice Sea. On Hotel Korpikartano´s menu, you might find salmon soup, oven-baked salmon and glow-fried salmon.
Salmon is a highly valued fish all over the world. In Northern Lapland, wild salmon is an important fish for local people, but restaurants use mostly farmed salmon.